A Repented Person: Does He Has To Make Up Missed Prayers And Fasts?

I went astray from practicing Islam although I was born to Muslim parents. Now I am repented. What should I do with regard to the prayers and fasts that I missed? What should I do in order to correct the wrongs I did with the girl, whom is not married and  still not religiously committed?

 

Praise be to Allah.

 

Firstly, we praise Allah for having blessed you with guidance, and we invoke upon Him to increase you with knowledge and guidance on the stright path. We calle you to  thanks to Allah for bestowing you great blessing, as gratitude would further increases the blessing of  Allah and He  says:

 

“And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed: If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshipping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My Blessings); but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily, My punishment is indeed severe” [Ibrahim, 14:7]

 

Secondly, with regard to making up missed acts of worship such as prayer and fasting, there are two opinions among the scholars. Some of them say that they must be made up, and this is the view of the majority. 

 

Some scholars say that the one who did not pray does not have to make up the prayers that he had missed, based on the view that he was a kafir (when he did not pray). Hence his repentance is his becoming Muslim, erases all the sins that came before it.

 

Some of the scholars do not think that the one who did not pray deliberately has to make it up, because the consequence is kafir, and the text only speaks about those who entitles the excuses are only those  who over slept and misses a prayer out of entire forgetness of it.

 

It is also clearly indicated in the sahih evidence  if one does not pray he is a kafir, whether he does not pray out of of laziness or denial the prayer is obligatory.

 

Obliging the repentant to make up the prayers he has missed makes repentance would be too difficult. A repentant is forgiven for the past misdeeds, the repentant should observe a lot of good deeds and remain constant, because Allah says:

 

“And verily, I am indeed forgiving to him who repents, believes (in My Oneness, and associates none in worship with Me) and does righteous good deeds, and then remains constant in doing them (till his death)” [Ta-Ha, 20:82]

 

If someone repented and begun to follow the way of guidance, you do not have to make up the prayers and fasts that you deliberately did not do, because by not praying is in itself a major kufr and apostasy from Islam, even if the one who does not pray does not deny that it is obligatory. This is according to the more sound of the two scholarly opinions. If the apostate becomes Muslim again, he is not enjoined to make up the prayers and fasts that he missed during his apostasy, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Islam erases that which came before it, and repentance erases that which came before it.”  While  one has to pray regularly on time, and observe the Ramadhan fast, It is also prescribed for you to do a great deal of good deeds and naafil acts of worship such as prayer, fasting, upholding ties of kinship, giving charity and other good deeds, as much as you can, as  Allah says in the above ayat: Ta-Ha 20:82 

 

Thirdly,with regard to the girl, you should cut off all ties with her, so that the shaytaan will not find a way to tempt you to go back to a relationship with her. If you can find some righteous women who can call her to Islam, that is good.

 

We ask Allah to make us  steadfast in adhering to the truth and following the right path.

 

And Allah knows best.

 

©Islam Q&A

About Md Radzi Ahmad
A retired Malaysian civil servant. Served the Malaysian government for thirty-one years. Posted to London, Rangoon, Johannesburg, Pretoria and Bangkok. Born in Kampong Hutan Kandeh, Alor Star, Kedah. Educated at Sultan Abdul Hamid College, Alor Star and University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. Currently resides in Subang Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan,Malaysia.Blessed with three children, a son, two daughters, daughter in law and two grandaughters.

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