Observing the Fast of Six Days in Shawwal

Observing the Fast of Six Days in Shawwal

Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari RA reported that the Prophet SAW said:  “He who observed the fast of Ramadan and then followed it with six (fasts) of Shawwal it would be as if he had fast perpetually.” [Muslim]

1. Can A Person Perform Fasting the Six Days Of Shawwal When He Still Has To Make Up From Ramadhan?

Praise be to Allah, The Lord of Al-A’lamin.

The precise rewards of the righteous deeds which people perform it in the most perfect manner for the sake of Allah SWT are something which would be known only to Allah the Exalted. If a person seeks the reward from Allah and strives to obey Him, his reward would not be lost, as Allah says:

“We shall not make the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in the most perfect manner to be lost.” [ Surah Al-Kahfi, 18:30].

If someone had missed some of the days of Ramadhan, he should perform that missed fast them first, then he would embark on the fasting of six days of Shawwal, because he cannot follow the fast of Ramadhan with six days of Shawwal unless he has duly completed his obligatory Ramadhan fast. [This is to attain as if you  had fast perpetually.]

[Fatawa Al-Lajnah Al-Da’imah, 10/392]

These days do not have to be fast immediately after Eid Al-Fitr; it is permissible to start doing it one or more days after Eid, and they may be done consecutively or separately during the month of Syawwal, according to what is easier for a person. There are plenty of options in finding a suitable day, as this is not obligatory, it is Sunnah.

Shaikh Muhammad Salih Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Fatawa Al-Siyam (438):

Whoever fasts the day of ‘Arafah, or the day of ‘Ashura’, but still owes days from Ramadhan, his fast is valid, but if he intends to fast this day to make up for a missed fast of Ramadhan, he will have two rewards: the reward for the day of ‘Arafah or ‘Ashura’ along with the reward for making up the missed fast. This has to do with voluntary fasts in general that are not attached to Ramadhan.

With regard to fasting the six days of Syawwal, they are associated to Ramadhan and can only do after making up missed Ramadhan fasts. If he fasts them before making up missed Ramadhan fasts he will not attain that reward, because the Prophet SAW said:

He who observed the fast of Ramadhan and then followed it with six (fasts) of Shawwal it would be as if he had fast perpetually. [Muslim (2614)]

It is well known that whoever still owes days from Ramadhan is not regarded as having fasted Ramadhan until he makes up the days he missed.

 

2. Is it permissible to Combine Making up Missed Ramadhan Fasts Six Days of Syawwal with One Intention?

Likewise it is not permissible to combine making up missed Ramadhan fasts with fasting six days of Syawwal with one intention. The fasting the six days of Syawwal can only be done after fasting of Ramadhan was performed in full. 

Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Fatawa Al-Siyam (438): The fasting the six days of Syawwal, are attached to Ramadhan and can only done after making up missed fasts of Ramadhan. If he fasts them before making up missed Ramadhan fasts he will not attain that reward. This is in accordance to a hadith reported by Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari RA which the Prophet SAW said:

He who observed the fast of Ramadan and then followed it with six (fasts) of Shawwal it would be as if he had fast perpetually.” [Muslim (2614)]

Therefore, it is well known that whoever still owes days from Ramadhan is not regarded as having fast Ramadhan until he makes up the days he missed.

Allah Knows Best.

© Islam Q&A

About Md Radzi Ahmad
A retired Malaysian civil servant. Served the Malaysian government for thirty-one years. Posted to London, Rangoon, Johannesburg, Pretoria and Bangkok. Born in Kampong Hutan Kandeh, Alor Star, Kedah. Educated at Sultan Abdul Hamid College, Alor Star and University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. Currently resides in Subang Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan,Malaysia.Blessed with three children, a son, two daughters, daughter in law and two grandaughters.

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