Consequent for those who wantonly display their beauty (tabarruj).

Consequent for those who wantonly display their beauty (tabarruj).

Banu Salleh

We believe that it is Allah Wills whether He would punish or forgive the grave sinners. But the Prophet SAW says: “there are two types of people I have not seen, (until he mentions), and women who are clothed yet naked, they will not enter paradise or even smell its fragrance”. Imam An-Nawawi RA explained that If they believe what they are doing is not haram which in fact is haram, then they will never enter paradise or they might be punished in hell first then they would be allowed enter paradise. Kindly clarify?

Praise be to Allah.

According to Islamic belief, the one who commits a major sin is exposed himself to the punishment of Allah, but by  Allah is to decide whether He may forgive or pardon him, or He may punish him in a manner commensurate with his sin, except for the one whose sin reaches the level of disbelief in Allah which is not forgiven and remain forever in Hell. 

Shaikh Al-Islam Ibn Taimiyah says in Majmu’ Al-Fatawa (11/646) about women who pile their hair on top of their heads, and they will not see Paradise or smell its fragrance. But it is narrated in the hadith from the Messenger of Allah SAW: “Whoever says La ilaaha ill-Allah will enter Paradise.” 

Ibn Taimiyah replied:

It is proven in Sahih Muslim and elsewhere from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet SAW said: “There are two types of the people of Hell whom I have not seen: men with whips like the tails of cattle with which they strike the people, and women who are clothed but naked, walking with an enticing gait, with something like the humps of camels on their heads. They will not enter Paradise nor even smell its fragrance, and its fragrance can be smelled from such and such a distance.”

Whoever claims that this hadith is not sahih and that what it mentions of the severe punishment is not true the person is ignorant and has gone astray from the path of syari’ah, and he deserves a punishment that will deter him and other ignorant people like him who object to the sahih ahadith that are soundly narrated from the Messenger of Allah SAW.

There are many sahih ahadith about this warning. For example: 

·         “Whoever kills a mu’ahid unlawfully will not smell the fragrance of Paradise, although its fragrance may be detected from a distance of forty years.” 

·         “No one will enter Paradise in whose heart is a mustard seed’s worth of arrogance.” 

·         “There are three to whom Allah will not speak on the Day of Resurrection nor will He praise them, and there will be a painful torment: an old man who commits zina, a king who tells lies and a poor man who is arrogant.” 

There are verses in the Qur’an which speak of this warning, such as the verse in which Allah SWT says:

“And whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and transgresses His limits, He will cast him into the Fire, to abide therein; and he shall have a disgraceful torment” [Al-Nisa’ 4:14] 

This is something on which the Muslims agreed, that the forewarning in the Qur’an and Sunnah to those who commit major sins is true, but Allah has stated in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of His Messenger SAW that the warning mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah does not apply to the one who repents, as He says: “Say: O ‘Ibaadi (My servants) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily, Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” [Al-Zumar 39:53] i.e., to the one who repents. 

In another verse Allah says: “Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills” [Al-Nisa’ 4:48]. 

This applies to the one who does not repent. Shirik will not be forgiven, but with regard to anything less than shirik, if Allah wills He will forgive and if He wills He will punish for it. 

[Shaikh Al-Islam Ibn Taimiyah in Majmu’ Al-Fatawa (11/646)]

In Al-Sahihain it is narrated that the Prophet SAW said: “No tiredness, exhaustion, worry, grief, distress or harm befalls a believer in this world, not even a thorn that pricks him, but Allah expiates some of his sins thereby.” 

Hence when the verse: “whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof” [Al-Nisa’ 4:123] was revealed, Abu Bakar said: O Messenger of Allah, this is going to destroy us; who among us has not done evil? He said: “O Abu Bakar, do you not get tired? Do you not grieve? Do you not go through hardship? That is part of the recompense.”  

By means of calamities in this world, Allah expiates the sins of the believers that may be expiated by means thereof, and the same applies to the good deeds that he does. Allah says: “Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds” [Hood, 11:114]. And the Prophet SAW said: “The five daily prayers, from one Jumu’ah to the next, and one Ramadhan to the next, are expiations for whatever (of minor sins) come in between them, so long as one avoids major sins.” And Allah does not wrong His slaves in the slightest, as He says: 

“So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it” [al-Zalzalah 99:7-8]. 

So the warning may be removed out, either by means of repentance, or by means of good deeds that one does which are equal to the bad deeds, or by means of calamities through which Allah expiates sins, or by other means.

Hence the scholars interpreted every verse or hadith the apparent meaning of which is that those who commit major sins will abide forever in Hell in ways that are in accordance with other texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah. 

Al-Nawawi RA said in Sharh Muslim (17/191): 

The words of the Prophet SAW, “will not enter Paradise” may be interpreted in two ways: 

·        They may be interpreted as referring to the one who regards what is haram as permissible, despite knowing that it is haram; so she is a kafir who will abide forever in Hell and will never enter Paradise. 

·         It may be interpreted as meaning that she will not enter it at first along with those who are successful.

It says in Fatawa Al-Lajnah Al-Da’imah (2/27): 

Question: is it permissible for us to believe that the women who are clothed yet naked are kafirs, because the Prophet SAW said, “They will not enter Paradise nor will they smell its fragrance…”? 


Those who believe that it is permissible after being told about the ruling and having it explained to them may be regarded as kafirs. Those who do not regard it as permissible but still go out clothed yet naked are not kafirs, but they are committing a major sin and they have to give it up and repent to Allah from that, in the hope that Allah may forgive them. If a woman dies in that state without having repented to Allah, then she is subject to the will of Allah, like all those who commit sin, because Allah:

“Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills” [al-Nisa’ 4:48].

It also says (17/104): 

Those women who regard that type of dressing as permissible are kafirs who will abide forever in Hell if they die in that state, and they will not enter Paradise or smell its fragrance. If they wear that type of clothing even though they believe it is haram, then they are committing a major sin, but that does not put them beyond the pale of Islam, and they are subject to the will of Allah: if Allah wills He will forgive them and if He wills He will punish them for the bad deeds they have committed, and they will not enter Paradise or smell its fragrance until after they have been punished first. 

This is the view of Ahl al-Sunnah, which reconciles the texts which speak of promise with those which speak of warning. This is the middle path between the views of the Murji’is, Khawarij and Mu’tazilah. 

Shaikh Ibn Baaz said in Majmu’ Al-Fatawa (6/356): 

With regard to the words of the Prophet SAW, “they will not enter Paradise nor smell its fragrance”, this is a stern warning, but that does not imply that they are kafirs, and they will not abide forever in Hell; this applies to all sinners who die as Muslims. Rather they and other sinners are all given the threat of Hell for their sins, but they are subject to the will of Allah: if He wills He will pardon them and forgive them, and if He wills He will punish them, as He said in two places in Surah al-Nisa’: “Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills” [Al-Nisa’ 4:48]The sinner who enters Hell will not abide therein forever as is the case with the kafir; rather those who are meant to abide there forever – such as the murderer, adulterer and one who committed suicide – their abiding therein is not the same as that of the kuffaar, rather it is an abiding that will come to an end, according to Ahl Al-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah, unlike the Khawarij and Mu’tazilah and those innovators who followed in their footsteps. The mutawaatir sahih ahadith from the Messenger of Allah SAW indicate that the Prophet SAW will intercede for the sinners among his ummah, and that Allah will accept his intercession several times, and each time He will stipulate a number for him and he will bring them forth from Hell. The same applies to the rest of the Messengers, believers and angels – all of them will intercede by His leave and He will accept their intercession for whomever He wills of the people of Tawhid who entered Hell because of their sins and are Muslims. Then there will remain in Hell the rest of the sinners, who were not included in the intercession of the intercessors, but Allah will bring them out by His mercy and kindness, and there will be no one left in Hell but the kuffar who will abide therein forever and ever, as Allah says concerning the kuffar: 

·         “whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire” [Al-Isra’ 17:97] 

·         “So taste you (the results of your evil actions). No increase shall We give you, except in torment” [Al-Naba’ 78:30] 

And He says concerning the kuffaar who worship idols:

·         “Thus Allah will show them their deeds as regrets for them. And they will never get out of the Fire” [Al-Baqarah 2:167] 

·         “Verily, those who disbelieve, if they had all that is in the earth, and as much again therewith to ransom themselves thereby from the torment on the Day of Resurrection, it would never be accepted of them, and theirs would be a painful torment” [Al-Ma’idah 5:36] 

·         “They will long to get out of the Fire, but never will they get out there from; and theirs will be a lasting torment” [Al-Ma’idah 5:37] 

And there are many similar verses. We ask Allah to keep us safe and sound from being like them.

To sum up, the woman who makes a wanton display of herself (tabarruj), despite the fact that she is exposing herself to a painful punishment from Allah, is still subject to the will of Allah: He may forgive her and not punish her, or He may subject her to a painful punishment. Moreover, some of the believers who commit sins will inevitably enter Hell, as is mentioned in the mutawaatir ahadith.  

And Allah knows best.

©Islam Q&A


About Md Radzi Ahmad
A retired Malaysian civil servant. Served the Malaysian government for thirty-one years. Posted to London, Rangoon, Johannesburg, Pretoria and Bangkok. Born in Kampong Hutan Kandeh, Alor Star, Kedah. Educated at Sultan Abdul Hamid College, Alor Star and University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. Currently resides in Subang Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan,Malaysia.Blessed with three children, a son, two daughters, daughter in law and two grandaughters.

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